Knee problems are quite common and usually start developing as one ages, due to the persistent wear and tear of the knee joint. Other causes of knee conditions could be injury or impact to the knee. Sudden awkward movements of the knee could also result in damage to the knee joint. A common knee problem is strained ligaments. This generally develops when there is an impact or a blow to the knee; or also if the knee is suddenly twisted. This condition results in swelling, pain and discomfort while walking or moving the knee joint.
Swelling of the knee occurs when excess fluid accumulates in or around the knee joint. There are many common Causes of the swelling can include arthritis, injury to the ligaments of the knee or an accident after which the body's natural reaction is to surround the knee with a protective fluid. The type of fluid that accumulates around the knee depends on the disease, condition or type of traumatic injury that caused the excess fluid.
Osteoarthritis, which affects the joints of the body, including the knee. When osteoarthritis affects the knee joint, the lining of cartilage starts to become thin. The synovium becomes swollen and starts to produce an excess of synovial fluid. The ligaments also begin to respond by trying to get the joint back to its original form. The excess fluid causes swelling in the knee joint.